The Montessori Method was developed nearly 100 years ago by Dr. Maria Montessori. Montessori worked as a doctor for children with Down Syndrome and became curious about teaching for their specific needs. She made materials that isolated concepts such as putting blocks in order from biggest to smallest or matching two things that weighed the same amount. She was encouraged by their success and began doing the same with children of average IQ.
Dr. Montessori believed that children should work with beautiful materials and a curriculum of the highest quality. She believed children should be taught to be respectful by being respected by the adults in their lives and that you have to be aware of the whole child as a teacher. She also believed that if you touch a child's spirit you can teach them anything.
Dr. Montessori looked at children as a doctor would. She kept track of their height, weight, nutrition, and she spoke a great deal about their behavior. Montessori believed that children need "purposeful " work, such as taking care of their environment, both inside and out, caring for animals and about their peers, families, etc.
Learning was about academics and the world around them.
She was developing this teaching method during World war l and ll and she incorporated a great deal of global awareness, cultural awareness, and geography into it. She also felt a responsibility to teach children about being a citizen in the world and about their mindfulness and responsibility as a member of the human race. She was a spiritual person and saw a need for teaching children about peace.
Dr. Montessori saw that concentration, independence, coordination, and organization are key foundations for learning. She knew that children need lessons in grace and courtesy as well as reading and mathematics.
Nearly 100 years later we still carry on her beliefs and ideologies.